视听说 走在时尚的前沿

视听说 unit3
  1. What’s the stereotype idea about appearance? Why do women care more about their appearance? ?
  1)feudalist ideas about women ?
  2)TV programs always advertise the cosmetic things for women to improve their looking and there are competitions among ladies who want to stand out,becoming Miss Asia,HK etc and very rich without hard work. ?
  3) women’s beauty reflects that they are more successful.
  2.What can dressing tell for a man/woman?
  3.What are the benefits of being good-looking?
  4.Why is the first impression so important?
  5.What is attractiveness? How to make a person become attractive?
  6.How do you understand “The good is the beautiful”?
  7.What do you think of “Beauty times brains equals a constant 常数;恒


  8.What is culture?Do you think fashion represents a culture?
  9.Is it right to judge a person by his clothes?
  10.What is the relationship between fashion and money?
Compulsive customer 强 迫 性 消 费 //compulsive buying//buy on a sudden impulse// wardrobe cabinet: 衣橱式柜//stall bargains 货摊讨价还价// eclectic 折衷
give off 发出(光等);长出(枝、杈等)
Give out 分发,公布,发表;用尽,精疲力竭//
What’s your take on sth//what do you think of sth//how do you like sth Take pride in sth//pride oneself on sth FitThe piano can fit in the small room/suitDoes Sunday suit you?/matchThe color of the shoes match the color of my skirt.
Die for sth 迫切想得到某物/long
for//have a desire for sth//cherish sth in my heart/dream
Tr y t o s e e t h e i r d i f f e r e n c e s : ? 1 . T h e y w e n t t o s e a 当水手. T h e y w e n t t o t h e s e a . 到海滨去度假。 ?
  2.What kind(sort) of c a r / d o c t o r / p e r s o n / m e d i c i n e / b u i l d i n g i s i t ? 问 类 别 ,类 型 , 品 种 , 科 别 , 身 型 , 如 oilly/heavy food ? What kind(sort) of a car/doctor/person/medicine is it? 问 品 质 , 认 为 怎 么 样 ? S o r t o f 有 那 么 一 点 , 某 种 程 度 I guess he's sort of a miser like most bachelors.我想他一定是个吝啬鬼,象大部分单身汉一样。
? This is a most remarkable and supernatural sort of house!这是一所最希奇和最不可思议的房子!
A sort of// His heart was calm and numb with a sort of innocence of love, now 此刻他的心平静而麻木,充满了天真无邪的爱。
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
? ?

  3.What chance has he missed? What a chance he has missed!
  4.He is determined to take the job.坚 决 要 去 做 , 指 稳 定 的心态 He made up his mind to take the job.当 时 决 定 要 做
  5.He came five minutes late. H e c a m e f i v e m i n u t e s l a t e r. 6 T h i s i s p u r e w a t e r. T h i s i s p u r e l y w a t e r. 7 . H e r e t u r n e d s i l e n t . H e r e t u r n e d s i l e n t l y. 8 . We t r y o u r b e s t t o s a v e p a p e r. We t r y o u r b e s t t o s a v e u p p a p e r.
  9.I stood in for him. I stood up for him.
? ? ? ? ?

  10.He thought ab out the probl em. He thought of the problem. 11 . H e d o e s n ’ t t h i n k m u c h a b o u t t h e p r o p o s a l . 觉得并不怎么样 H e d o e s n ’ t t h i n k m u c h o f t h e p r o p o s a l . 认为……很不错;对……重视 1 2 . H e m a d e a n a t t e m p t a t t h e s p e e d r e c o r d . 试图做 He made an attempt on the speed record.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
1 3 . We c a m p e d t h e r e f o r t h e s u m m e r. We c a m p e d t h e r e i n t h e s u m m e r.
  14.Give me a glass for wine. 给 我 一 个 玻 璃 了 酒 Give me a glass of wine.
  15. He has gone into business. 他 已 进 入 经 商 /转 行 做 生 意 H e h a s g o n e t o b u s i n e s s . /He has gone to Beijing on business 出差他 已 经去了生意
  16.He went into the church. H e w e n t t o t h e c h u r c h . 去教堂 H e w e n t t o c h u r c h . 做礼拜,做牧师
  17.They shut the door on visitors.
把门关上 他们关住门不让参观的人进来。/当着面
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
They shut the door to visitors.
1 8 . I h a d a g o o d t a l k t o h i m y e s t e r d a y. 昨 天 教 育 了 一 番 I h a d a g o o d t a l k w i t h h i m y e s t e r d a y. 昨 天 与 他 谈 得 很 开 心
  19.Can you get apples there?能 买 到 Can you get at th e apples there?能 弄 到 /抢 到 货 源
  20.Is john at home?在 家 吗 Is john home yet?回 到 家 了 吗 They send the doctor at once.马 上 派 医 生 来 T h e y s e n d f o r t h e d o c t o r a t o n c e . 召唤,派人去叫医生来
Different understandings of fashion
  1. Fashion means
something new, attractive or cool for some special people, which involves in many aspects such as clothing, sports, music, art etc. It presents a trend and reflects a kind of culture at that time. The understanding of fashion has diversity from different person, age and era.I don’t agree with the view that fashion represents the culture of mainstream. Maybe it is true under some circumstances, in other words, it’s right only for specific time and person. I can give many examples to support my ideas. As we know, Super Girls from Hunan Satellite TV
were very popular last year, which blazon forth 宣扬 a spirit(notion) that you can be famous and rich in one night(overnight) without hard work. It sounds somewhat like a legendary story. My son is a Football fan. He would rather watch the match than review his lessons. Cartoon 连环漫画 is also a pinup 钉在壁上的 in youth. They are crazed by this kind of fashion. All I mentioned above only reflects thoughts or minds of small groups of people, which is called the culture to some extend .We worry about the phenomena though the fashion improves life quality and broaden horizon. Why do the teenagers follow the trends? The issues remind us of guiding the young generation to think in a right way. Old fashion becomes the history. What comes next? Who knows? The priority is how to face the new and learn from it! I’ll accept the fashion if it is appropriate to me. I will be myself and I wouldn’t care whatever the people around me say about me.
  2.Fashion means the prevailing style of our dress, behavior, way of living, or other expression that is popular at present. Maybe everyone wants to be fashionable. But where do fashions come from? In our society, there are many fashions. Some fashions come from our traditional culture. Many people like kongfu films and even some of them practice Kongfu themselves. They enjoy the film’s splendid scenes and believe that Kongfu is not only a healthy sport, but also is a symbol of justice as many stories are about fights between the kind and the evil, or about the robbing of the wealthy people whose aim is to aid the people in need. Another traditional Chinese garments, Tang suit, has also become a worldwide fashion. People believe that the elegant garments with traditional patterns can bring them good luck. On the other hand, some fashions come from other cultures, such as R&B(Rhythm and Blues), HIP-HOP, internet chatting, MUD(Multi-User Dungeon or Dimension). These fashions are especially popular among young people and some of them can even satisfy the young people’ desire to be independent and unique so that they like to change their regular life styles just for fun.The biggest characteristic of fashion is that the fashion mode is changeable, but the unchangeable thing is that a certain fashion is the reflection of a certain kind of culture. Fashion is just like a jacket of culture.
  3. What is the fashion? I consider it as a kind of prevalence. In my views, Fashion isn’t culture. It doesn’t belong to culture,
either. It is merely one kind of phenomenon. Culture is more everlasting and steady than fashion. Usually, culture can trace back to the historic root, but fashion production derives from contemporary thought. Fashion is very young and difficult to form its own theory. Even if one appears, it would be replaced by another fashion before long. Fashion can embody the energy and activity of a city. It is a special symbol of the city and people’s special psychological need. Fashion has several characteristics as follow: original, creative, unique. As far as the individual costume is concerned, if you copy the style of other dressing or face-painting, that isn’t fashion. At least it doesn’t belong to you. You have to make your own that suits your personality. Everyone may make his own fashion designer. Nowadays, people more and more emphasize on personality. That is to say the problem isn’t what you wear but how you wear. Therefore, you must have creativity. In brief, everyone has his respective opinion on fashion. A fashion may come from personality, it is transitory 短暂的,暂时的. On the contrary culture covers commonness, it is lasting.
  4. Fashion presents a trend and reflects a kind of culture at that time. It means something new, attractive or cool for some special people, which involves in many aspects such as clothing, sports, music, art etc. Different cultures have different fashions, with Chinese people favoring cheongsam and Chinese tunic suit but Americans favoring western-style clothes. It has diversity from different person, age and area. How we look and how we appear to others probably worries us more when we are in our teens or early twenties than at any other time in our life. Few of us are content to accept ourselves as we are, and few are brave enough to ignore the trends of fashion. Most fashion magazines or TV advertisements try to persuade us that we should dress in a certain way or behave in a certain manner. If we do, they tell us, we will be able to meet new people with confidence and deal with every situation confidently and without embarrassment. Changing fashion, of course, does not apply just to dressing. A barber today does not cut a boy’s hair in the same way as he used to, and girls do not make up in the same way as their mothers and grandmas did. The advertisers show us the latest fashionable styles and we are constantly under pressure to follow the fashion in case our friends think we are odd or dull. What causes fashions to change? Sometimes
convenience or practical necessity can do or an influential person can establish a fashion. Take hats for example, in cold climates, early buildings were cold inside, so people wore hats indoor as well as outside. There is also a cyclical pattern in fashion. In the 1920s in Europe and America, short skirts became fashionable. After World War Two, they dropped to ankle length. Then they got shorter and shorter and miniskirts became in fashion. Some years later skirts became longer again. Today society is much freer than it used to be. It is no longer necessary to dress oneself in the same way that others do. You can dress yourself as you like or do your hair the way you like instead of the way you should because it is the fashion. The popularity of jeans and the “untidy” look seems to be a reaction against the increasingly expensive fashion of the top fashion houses. At the same time, appearance is still important under some circumstances and then we must choose our clothes carefully. It would be foolish to go to an interview for a job in a law firm wearing jeans and a sweater; and it would be discourteous to visit some distinguished scholars dressed in too casual clothing as if you were going to the beach or a nightclub. However, you need never feel depressed if you don’t look like the latest fashion photo. Look around you and you’ll see that no one else does either!
  5. Fashion changes in different periods and is often led by a certain group of people, who are generally the public persons such as famous movie stars. With more and deeper communications in almost every field of our lives among different countries, fashion is becoming international. For example, nowadays if you ask a fashionable girl why she wears clothes in such a strange color, she perhaps would tell you excitedly that this is the most popular color in Europe recently. In contrast, culture is formed during a long period of time and seldom changes. To some extend culture of a country can represent character and tradition of that nation, so it`s not difficult to understand that people`s notion about fashion is always influenced by the culture of his/her country. Just take Chinese for example. Dragon which represents dignity and power is a kind of imaginary animal in traditional Chinese culture. But nowadays the figure of dragon is so popular that it is used in many places such as T shirts, handicraft products, walls of buildings, etc. People take it as a kind of fashion that even many foreign youths love it. The same situation can also
be seen in the popularity of ancient Chinese clothes of “tang” and something else. I think these phenomena can demonstrate that fashion often comes from certain kind of culture and is a reflection of it.
  6.People living under different culture backgrounds (location, times, education...) have diverse understanding of fashion. But there are some questions that still need to be answered. What ar



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